All in a Garden Green 1

Renaissance dances to listen and look
Sun 28.05.23 (no Intro) 18:15 Concert

Historical Museum Basel

John Playford; London, [March 19,] 1651. A lady and gentleman about to dance. A child musician stands between them. Originally published/produced in John Playford; London, [March 19,] 1651.

Renaissance dances from the collection of John Playford


hough the dance book “The English Dancing Master” was published in London by John Playford in 1651, most of the tunes it contains are much older. Some are found in Elizabethan manuscripts for lute and keyboard instruments, while others are mentioned in “broadside” ballads or in the works of William Shakespeare and others.

Playford’s melodies are notated for a single unaccompanied instrument, although some of them are found in other sources as polyphonic compositions for up to six instruments. The scarcity of the material leaves a lot of room for improvisation! Véronique Daniels and The Basel Merry-go-round, a dance ensemble from around the Musikhochschule für Alte Musik in Basel, present the choreographies described in the dance book – while Tobie Miller and Sam Chapman bring the musician:s together to form a colorful and fun musical band.

Reserve your seat.

Door opening/evening box office from 5:45 p.m. (No introduction)

Tobie Miller – hurdy-gurdy, vocals, recorder
Sam Chapman – lute, cittern
Elizabeth Sommers – Renaissance violin
Elizabeth Rumsey – bass viol
Direction: Tobie Miller and Sam Chapman

Dance Ensemble The Basel Merry-go-round:
Marie Delorme, Annelise Ellars, Akira Fukushima, Matthew Gajda, Kaho Inoue, Barbara Leitherer, Noam Lelior, Alice Letort, Martin Meier, Paul Poupinet, Breno Quinderé, Tessa Roos, Valentin Schima (also vocals), Caroline Sordia, Silvia Witzig
Management: Véronique Daniels

The following day, Whit Monday, Renaissance invites you to dance and music with Véronique Daniels, Basel’s queen of Renaissance dance, in the riding hall of the Wenkenhof in Riehen (see All in a Garden Green 2). There you can, if you want, even spontaneously actively dance along.

MS-M.1211, Morgan-Library-NY. Frankreich c1555.


Playford’s Country Dances – All in Garden Green

Véronique Daniels und Sam Chapman im Gespräch; Ein musikalischer Rückblick
Manuel Maio: Video concept and editing


ReRenaissance interview with Sam Chapman, lecturer in lute and theorbo at the Berlin University of the Arts, May 2023.

It is of course an honor and a pleasure for ReRenaissance to welcome Julian Bream award winner Sam Chapman for today’s interview.

Thomas Christ (TC): Perhaps you could tell us how you found your way to historical plucked instruments. As far as I know, in your youth you accompanied some instruments, first of all the concertina, with which you also performed in public.

Sam Chapman (SC): Well, I grew up in a musical household in a small village in Somerset, southwest England. My first musical memories are associated with playing music at home and accompanying my mother to the local folk dance club where she played for the dance every week. My mother played the violin, together with an accordion player who also lived in the village. When one of my older brothers wanted to learn the concertina, our friend the accordion player lent him a couple of instruments to try out. He chose the better one, of course, and I taught myself to play on the other instrument that was lying around the house. All the melodies I played on the concertina I learned by ear. That was a really good musical education. And playing for dancing and folk music sessions gave me a very good sense of rhythm.

A few years later I started playing classical guitar, and I was lucky enough to have a teacher who was passionate about Renaissance music! I remember many lessons in which we happily played through his own arrangements of lute duets. I also played electric guitar for a few years as a teenager, and it was during this time that I became interested in improvisation. I would meet up with my friends at school during lunch break and we would improvise together in many different styles of music.
As I focused more and more on classical guitar, my other musical interests fell by the wayside. Although I had a wonderful teacher at the Royal Academy of Music, the focus was more on developing technique and playing solo music. We all tried to play faster and louder than the others! That didn’t seem like the kind of environment where I could express myself musically, and when I started playing historical plucked instruments in my early twenties, I felt like I was coming home. The focus was back on playing together and I was able to pick up my old skills like improvisation and playing by ear.

TC: You have experienced many teachers of different stripes on different instruments and have now become a lute instructor yourself. This always raises the question of professional and social competence – how important are factors such as enthusiasm, humor and the ability to engage in dialog?

SC: For me, the most important factor is enthusiasm. All children are naturally musical and the best thing we can do as teachers is not to interfere with the basic enthusiasm with which they learn to play or sing. It’s really crucial with kids, but even as adults we can’t afford to lose our enthusiasm. This is one area where the classes at the Berlin University of the Arts have been so valuable to me personally: as professional musicians, we are often so busy with mundane things like organizing travel, writing bills, or putting up with annoying conductors that we sometimes forget what inspired us to become musicians in the first place. I am continually amazed at the enthusiasm and energy with which my student:s engage with musical material, and much of my own personal development as a musician in recent years has been inspired by interaction with my students. So the ability to dialogue actually grows out of enthusiasm and flows back into it at the same time.

TC: Did you discover your passion for Renaissance music at the Schola Cantorum in Basel? You came to Basel in 2004 as a teacher of the Alexander Technique – we would like to know more about how you made the leap to the lute.

SC: Actually, I had started playing Renaissance music while I was studying guitar in London. A lutenist friend asked me to play cittern in his mixed consort, and soon I began playing theorbo and baroque guitar as well. In 2004, I moved to Switzerland to train as an Alexander Technique teacher and spent three very happy years outside of formal music training. I started playing concertina again, played in several bands and formed a number of musical collaborations, some of which still exist today. During those years, Tobie Miller and I met at an informal folk music session at a mutual friend’s house. I had no intention of studying at the Schola Cantorum! I was afraid of feeling confined in an institution again. However, some friends persuaded me to apply, and I thought I might as well take a year of advanced study. I loved Schola from day one and ended up staying for five years! Although I had played Renaissance music before, I had never really learned the Renaissance lute, and that was the focus of my studies with Hopkinson Smith.

TC: Am I right in thinking that the art of improvising was cultivated far more in earlier centuries than it is today? Has learning to play the lute or theorbo become more reproductive, or what do you think about the art or the need to cultivate improvising more?

SC: You have raised an Intro that is very close to my heart! Yes, in what we call “art music” improvisation played a much more important role in the past than it does today. It is, of course, a skill that is still central to the music of many other styles and traditions; indeed, today’s Western classical music is quite unique in that it contains almost no elements of improvisation at all! I think that a serious study of early music must include an examination of the question of improvisation. Even if we choose not to improvise ourselves, we must acknowledge that much of the music we play was improvised, based on improvisation, or composed through improvisation. Many of the so-called “composers” of instrumental music in the Renaissance probably could not read or write music themselves. The material we are left with is often a listener, student, or publisher’s attempt to notate an improvised practice. In these cases, we can forget the idea of an “original text” or playing the music “as written.” But even in the pieces that seem to be carefully composed and precisely notated, the music should always have the freshness and spontaneity that we associate with improvised music, and this way of playing is best learned by learning to improvise yourself.

TC: I like to dedicate my last question to the importance of Renaissance music, which is still largely undiscovered. Do you think it is possible that, similar to the ‘young’ popularity of baroque music, it will have a new future ahead of it, in particular, it will attract a new audience?

SC: I’m very happy that Renaissance music seems to be reaching a wider and wider audience, and I’m grateful that there are platforms like ReRenaissance that make this possible. In a world where we are constantly stimulated and bombarded by social media, the contemplative nature of Renaissance music offers respite to the sensitive listener. On the other hand, the increasing popularity of Renaissance music can also come at a price. As baroque music entered the mainstream, it became increasingly commercialized, often leading to musical compromises. Elements of instrument construction, stringing and performance practice are increasingly adapted to suit large concert spaces and modern tastes. While Baroque music was able to retain much of its basic character because of its dramatic nature, this is not the case with Renaissance music. Much of this music was performed in private, for a small, exclusive and highly educated audience. I therefore welcome Renaissance music reaching a wider audience, but hope that it remains true to its roots and maintains its status as classical music’s “best kept secret”!



Why I’ll be there …


Perhaps it has to do with Shakespeare and his history plays, but seventeenth-century England seems to have had a truly exceptional sense of history. That is part of the reason why various anthems of Tallis and Byrd have to this day an uninterrupted singing tradition since Elizabethan times. And so it was that John Playford’s The English Dancing Master of 1651 included a significant proportion of dances that go back to the sixteenth century; and these earlier dances will be the focus of the May concert.

This was probably the first music book that Playford published (up to that point he had specialised in political leaflets in support of the Stuart dynasty, as a result of which a warrant was issued for his arrest in 1649 after the execution of Charles I). But it was by far the most successful book in his mostly successful publishing career: it went through at least eighteen editions through the career of his son Henry (d. 1709) and on through to 1728, well into the reign of George II. But it is this long-distance view of national history that will give the concert its extra interest.

In addition, if you wish to ‘trip it as ye go/ On the light fantastick toe’ (as Milton put it in L’allegro) Véronique Daniels and her team are there to coach you – first on Saturday 13 May in Falknerstrasse 36 in Basel, and then in the second concert, on Whit Monday in Reithalle of Wenkenhof, Riehen.


  1. Nonesuch – All a Mode de France – Grimstock
  2. A new courtly sonet of the Lady Greensleeves
  3. The Begger Boy – My Lady Cullen – Lulle me beyond thee
  4. Sellinger’s Round – Peppers Black – Bobbing Joe
  5. Goddesses – La Bourree. (Parsons farewell)
  6. Row well ye Marriners – A Scottish dance scotch cap
  7. The frier in the Well – The fryar and the Nun Drive the cold winter away
  8. An excellent song of an outcast lover (All in a Garden green) Gathering Peascods
  9. If all the World were Paper – Cuckolds all a row Greenwood & Picking of sticks
  10. Pauls Wharf
  11. The Spanyard – The Spanish Jeepsie Dull Sir John
  12. Coral
  13. Hearts ease – Jack Pudding – Jenny pluck Pears

230522 Program book May Web Kl





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